‘and he has innovated’- Innovation is whatever is from the matters of worship or from matters of creed and beliefs or from sayings and it does not have a proof from the Book and the Sunnah (that is an innovation). He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,“Whoever does an action which our affair is not in accordance with, it is rejected.”
And in a narration, “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not from it then it is rejected.”
And he said, “And beware of newly introduced matters for every newly introduced matter is a bid`ah (an innovation) and every innovation is misguidance”.
So innovation is whatever has been introduced into the religion and it is not from it. And how can it be known that it is not from it?
If it does not have a daleel, a proof, then it is not from the Religion, because Allaah the Majestic and Most High says:
This day have I completed your Religion for you
(Sooratul-Maa~idah (5), aayah 3)
So the Religion is complete, and all praise is for Allaah; it does not accept any additions. So it is just upon us to come to know of the Religion which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic completed, and to cling to it and that we abandon whatever is besides it from additions and from things which people deem to be good introductions and from supplements and from other than that, because these things only take people farther away from Allaah the Majestic and Most High. And there will follow a clarification that: No people introduce an innovation except that its like (a like amount of it) will be taken away from the Sunnah.
So this is the correct and straight path, adhering to the Jamaa`ah, adhering to the Sunnah and abandoning innovations.
His saying, ‘And every innovation is misguidance’ – so there is no such thing as bid`ah hasanah, ‘good innovation’, as some people say. Rather all innovations are misguidance by the textual statement of the hadeeth of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam when he said, “For every newly invented matter is an innovation (bid`ah) and every innovation is misguidance.” So innovations in the Religion, there is nothing good from them at all, rather all of them are misguidance and this is the speech of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam who did not speak from desires.
 Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh (1718) and reported by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form in his Saheeh from a hadeeth of Aa`ishahradiyAllaahu `anhaa.
 Reported by al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (hadeeth 2550) and by Muslim in his Saheeh (hadeeth 1718) from (a hadeeth of) Aa`ishah radiyAllaahu `anhaa.
 This is part of a hadeeth of al-`Irbaad ibn Saariyah radiyAllaahu `anhu, and its checking has preceded. (The checking of this hadeeth is reported by Imaam Ahmad and Aboo Daawood and at-Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and it was declared authentic by Shaykh al-Albaanee).
 Translator’s side point: This aayah came down on the day of `Arafah on the 10th year of the Hijrah.
(There is) a famous saying from Imaam Maalik: So whatever was not Religion on that day it will never be Religion today.
 Hassaan ibn `Atiyyah (from the taabi`een) rahimahullaah said, “A people never introduce an innovation in their Religion except that Allaah takes away from their Sunnah its like and then He does not return it to them right until the Day of Resurrection.” Reported by ad-Daarimee and Aboo Nu`aym in al-Hilyah and al-Laalikaa~ee in (his book) Sharh Usool I`tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah.
Translator’s side point: With regards to this taabi`ee, Hassaan ibn Atiyyah, Shaykh al-Albaanee said in his notes to al-Mishkaat: He was a great and noble taab`iee who died in the year 130. Shaykh al-Albaanee said with regard to this report from him: Its chain of narration is saheeh and its like is also reported as a saying of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu reported by Abul-`Abbaas ibn al-Assam in his hadeeth.
 This occurs in a number of ahaadeeth, from them the hadeeth of al-`Irbaad ibn Saariyah which has just preceded, also a hadeeth of Jaabir reported by an-Nasaa~ee as hadeeth 1578 and also by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh; and the basis of this hadeeth occurs in Saheeh Muslim ashadeeth no 768.
[Translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah]
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