From the Treasures of the Qur’an: 001 al-Fatihah

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ * الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ * الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ * مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ * إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ * اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ * صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ

In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Especially Merciful
All praise is due to Allaah Lord of all creation.
The Extremely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
Master of the Day of Recompense.
You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us upon the straight path.
The path of those whom you have favoured, not those who have earned your anger nor those who have gone astray.
[Surah al-Fatihah 1-7]
Surah Al-Fatihah is the greatest Surah in the Quran, as indicated by the hadith of Abu Saeed ibn Mu’allaa, reported by Al-Bukhari (4474). It includes the three types of tawhid: Tawhid ar-Rububiyyah, Tawhid al-Uluhiyyah, and Tawhid al-Asmaa was-Sifaat.
Tawhid ar-Rububiyyah refers to the uniqueness of Allah the Most High in terms of His actions, such as creating, providing, giving life and death and other actions. The overall meaning is that Allaah is alone in His actions, he has no partner in creating the creation or in giving them life and death.
Tawhid al Uluhiyyah is that people single out Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, with their acts of worship; such as supplication, fear, hope, trust, seeking help, seeking deliverance, sacrifice and so on. Indeed, it is a must that they make these purely for Allah, not ascribing any partner with Him in their worship. So therefore, as there is no Creator except for Allah, and no-one who gives life and death except Allaah, then it is only fitting that Allaah alone is the One who deserves all worship.
Tawhid al-Asmaa was-Sifat is affirmation of the Names and Qualities which Allah affirmed for Himself or which His messenger affirmed for Him, while avoiding any distortion, misinterpretation, or negation of their meanings. One also must avoid trying to enquire about their precise nature and comparing them to the creation, as Allah said:
لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ ۖ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ
There is nothing like Him, and He is the Hearer, the Seer
[Surah ash-Shura 11]
This noble verse provides a clear basis for the approach of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah (the unified followers of the Prophetic Sunnah) regarding Allaah’s Qualities – which is to affirm them while negating any deficiency. So Allaah’s statement:
وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ
and He is the Hearer, the Seer
is affirmation of the names “The Hearer” (as-Sami’) and “The Seer” (al-Basir), indicating Allah has the qualities of hearing and seeing. In His statement:
لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ
There is nothing like Him
is an indication of the absence of resemblance between His characteristics and the characteristics of His creation. He, the Perfect and Most High has hearing unlike the hearing of the creation, and sight unlike their sight.
In fact the first verse of this great Surah includes all three types of Tawhid. As for Tawhid Al Uluhiyyah, then the verse:
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ
All praise is due to Allah
indicates this because the slaves praising their Lord is their worship Him and praising Him, and this is from their actions.
As for Tawhid Ar-Rububiyyah then it is in His Most High’s words:
رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Lord of all creation
so he, the Perfect and Most High, is the Rabb (Lord) of everything, its Creator and Owner, as Allah, the Mighty and Majestic said:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ * الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَأَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَكُمْ ۖ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَنْدَادًا وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
O mankind, worship your Lord, Who created you and those before you in order that you may fear (Him and worship Him alone). Who has appointed the earth as a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and brought, from the sky, water and brought forth thereby fruits as a provision for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah while you know (better).
[Surah al-Baqarah 21-22].
And as for Tawhid Al-Asmaa wa As-Sifat then this verse contains two of Allaah’s Names and they are His majestic (main) name in His statement:
لِلَّهِ
for Allah
and ar-Rabb in His statement:
رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Lord of the worlds
In this verse ar-Rabb is mentioned linked to something (i.e. that Allaah is the Lord of the worlds), whereas in Surah YaSin it is mentioned without being linked to something, in His statement
سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ
‘Peace’, a word from the Lord, Most Merciful
[Surah YaSin 58]
And al-‘Alamun is everyone besides Allah. Allah the Perfect and Most High in Himself and His Names and his Qualities: He is the Creator and all everything besides him is the creation. Allah said regarding Musa (Moses) and Firaun (Pharaoh):
قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَمَا رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ * قَالَ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُوقِنِينَ
Firaun (Pharaoh) said: And what is the Lord of the worlds?
Musa (Moses) said: Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if only you had faith!
[Surah ash-Shu’araa 23-24]
And ar-Rahmaan and ar-Raheem are two of Allaah’s Names which indicate one of His qualities which is Mercy. ar-Rahmaan is a Name which may only be used for Allaah. Raheem is mentioned in the Qur’an applied to someone else. Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said regarding His Messenger Muhammad ﷺ:
لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ
There has certainly come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves. He is distressed by anything which may cause you to suffer. He is deeply concerned for you and (Rauf ur Raheem) full of kindness and mercy towards the believers
[Surah at-Tawbah 128]
Ibn Kathir said in his book of tafseer when explaining the statement ‘bismillaah-ir-Rahmaan-ir-Raheem‘:
“The point is that some of His the Most High’s Names can be used to name others and some must only be used exclusively for Him, such as: Allah, ar-Rahmaan, al-Khaliq, ar-Raaziq and so on.”
مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
Master of the Day of Recompense
indicates Tawhid Ar-Rububiyyah i.e. that Allaah the Perfect and Most High is the Lord and Master of everything. He possesses the heavens and earth and all that is between them. He is the Master of this world and the next. Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said:
لِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
To Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them, and He is able to do all things.
[Surah al-Ma’idah 120]
And He said:
تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Blessed is He in whose hand is the dominion and He is able to do all things
[Surah al-Mulk 1]
And He said:
قُلْ مَنْ بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ يُجِيرُ وَلَا يُجَارُ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ * سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ ۚ قُلْ فَأَنَّىٰ تُسْحَرُونَ
Say: In whose hand is the dominion over all things and He protects while against Him there is no protection, if you should know?
They will say ‘To Allaah’. Say ‘Then how are you so deluded’
[Surah al-Mu’minun 88 – 89]
The Day of Judgement is the day of recompense and accounting, and He is called the Master of the Day of Judgement, even though He is the Master of this world and the Hereafter, because on that day all will be humbled to the Lord of the worlds. This is in contrast to this world, where you will find people who transgress and are arrogant, in fact, you will find one who might say: “I am your Lord the Most High” and “O chiefs, I do not know of a god for you other than me”.
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
shows Tawhid al Uluhiyah, and placing the object of both verbs before the subject indicates restriction – i.e. that worship is only for Allah, and that asking for help in issues which only Allah can help with is only for Allah. The first sentence shows that the Muslim performs worship purely for the face of Allah while conforming to the Sunnah (practice) of the Messenger of Allah . The second sentence shows that the Muslim should not ask anyone for help in their religious or worldly issues except for Allah the Mighty and Majestic.
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
Guide us upon the straight path
indicates Tawhid al Uluhiya and it is a du’a (supplication). Supplication is from the types of worship. Allah said:
وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدً
And that the places of worship are for Allah alone so do not supplicate to anyone along with Allah
[Surah al-Jinn 18]
This supplication comprises the greatest need which the slave has, which is that he be guided to the straight path, so that he may come out from the various forms of darkness to the light and so that he may be successful and happy in this life and the next. The slave needs this guidance more than he requires food and drink because food and drink are provision for a temporary life whereas guidance to the straight path is provision for an everlasting permanent life. This supplication also includes requesting that you continue to be firm upon guidance which you have already received, and that you ask to be guided further. Allah the Mighty and Majestic said:
وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَآتَاهُمْ تَقْوَاهُمْ
While as for those guided aright, He increases them in guidance, and bestows upon them their piety.
[Surah Muhammad 17]
And He said about the companions of the cave:
إِنَّهُمْ فِتْيَةٌ آمَنُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ وَزِدْنَاهُمْ هُدًى
Indeed they were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.
[Surah al-Kahf 13]
And He said:
وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى
And Allah increases those who were guided in guidance.
[Surah Maryam 76]

Sharh-us-Sunnah (Audio Series)

Sharh-us-Sunnah – the excellent book explaining the correct Islamic Methodology in detail, by Imaam al-Barbahaaree. Explained by Sh Fawzaan hafizahullaah and translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah.

Archived audios available here:

Sharh-us-Sunnah

Lum’at-ul-I’tiqaad Audios (Complete Series)

by Imaam Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee rahimahullaah
explanation by Sh Fawzaan hafizahullaah
translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah


Transcript of introductory lession (including a biography of Imaam ibn Qudaamah):

LI – 06-06-12 – 01


Recommended Study Guide:

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Lum’ah

Aqeedat-ut-Tahaawiyyah Audios (Complete Series)

The Creed of Imaam at-Tahaawi, explained by Shaikh Fawzaan. (Translated by Abu Talhah).

Excellent series clarifying the fundamental tenets of belief which every Muslim must have faith in.

(Recommended study guide: click here)

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Tahaawiyyah

Buloogh-ul-Maraam – The Book of Purification (Uthaymeen)

Summarized notes from the explanation of Sh Uthaymeen. Hadeeth checkings by Sh al-Albaanee. (Translated by Adnaan ibn Salmaan).

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Aqeedat-ut-Tahaawiyyah (Transcripts)

The creed of Imaam at-Tahaawee, explained by Sh Fawzaan.

Translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah.

Transcripts of audio lessons:

T01

T02

T03

T04

T05

T06

T07

T08

T09

T10

T11

T12

T13

T14

T15

T16

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T18

T19

T20

T21

T22

T23

T24

T25

T26

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T30

Usool-uth-Thalaathah Audios (Complete Series)

Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [1115-1206 H]

Explained by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan haafidhahullaah

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Al-Usool-uth-Thalaathah (The Three Fundamental Principles) is the great work of Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, discussing the three questions which the dead person is asked in the grave: ‘Who is your Lord?’, ‘What is your religion?’ and ‘Who is your Prophet?’.

Translated by Abu Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank.

Transcripts by ‘Adnaan ibn Salmaan, Nasser ibn Najam and Umm Sufyaan Faatimah Agial

All lectures have been uploaded with the permission of the translator.

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Archived audios also available here:

Usool-uth-Thalaathah

Usool-uth-Thalaathah Audios (41-50)

Translation of Sh Fawzaan’s explanation hafizahullaah.

Presented by Abu Talhah Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah.


Lesson 41:

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Lesson 42:

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Lesson 43:

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Lesson 44:

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Lesson 45:

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Lesson 46:

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Lesson 47:

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Lesson 48:

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Lesson 49:

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Lesson 50 (final lesson):

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114 – Soorat-un-Naas (Tafseer Sh Fawzaan) 

(قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ * مَلِكِ النَّاسِ * إِلَٰهِ النَّاسِ * مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ * الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ * مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ)

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind

The King of mankind

The God of mankind

From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws and pulls back –

Who whispers into the hearts of men –

From among the jinn and mankind.”

 

__________

قُلْ

Meaning: Say O Muhammad

أَعُوذُ

Meaning: I seek shelter with,  I resort to and I take refuge in…

بِرَبِّ النَّاس

ar-Rabb: He is the one who takes care of his slaves through his blessings and who nurtures them.  And He also takes care of them through sending revelation and beneficial knowledge.  So He is their Lord in the sense that He is their King, Lord and the One who controls their affairs.

بِرَبِّ النَّاس

All of Mankind, from the Children of Aadam.

He the Mighty and Majestic said:

مَلِكِ النَّاسِ

This is one of Allaah the Perfect and Most High’s Attributes.  So ar-Rabb and al-Malik are from Allaah the Most Glorious’ Names. So they have no true King except Him, the Perfect and Most High and no-one shares in His kingship over all mankind. So they all belong to Him and are His slaves and under His control and authority. Some of them are people who are evil, so one should seek refuge with Allaah the Perfect and Most High that He protects from these evil people, because He is their Lord and He has power over them.

مَلِكِ النَّاسِ

So He is the King, the Perfect and Most High, without any partner, and He has absolute dominion on the Day of Judgement.

As for in this world then there are kings, but their kingship is limited not absolute, and it is weak when compared to the dominion of Allaah the Perfect and Most High. Also their kingship is a privilege from Allaah the Perfect and Most High. He the Mighty and Majestic said:

قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتَنْزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Say, “O Allah, Owner of All Kingship, You give authority to whom You will, and you take it away from whom You will. You honour whom you will and you debase whom You will. In your Hand is all good. Indeed You are All Powerful over everything.”

[3:26]

So they do not compare to the dominion of Allaah the Perfect and Most High. However in the next life then Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:

يَوْمَ هُمْ بَارِزُونَ ۖ لَا يَخْفَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْهُمْ شَيْءٌ ۚ لِمَنِ الْمُلْكُ الْيَوْمَ ۖ لِلَّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ

The Day when they will come forth, nothing from them will be hidden from Allaah at all. To whom belongs all kingship on that Day? To Allaah, the One, the Overwhelming Subduer.

[40:16]

إِلَٰهِ النَّاسِ

This is the third Attribute. al-Ilaah means something which is worshipped, and it is of two categories:

  1. Something which is worshipped in truth, and that is Allaah the Perfect and Most High.
  2. That which is worshipped falsely, i.e.: anything besides Allaah the Perfect and Most High, such as the false gods of the mushrikoon (polytheists).

So we find the three categories of tawheed being mentioned in this soorah:

  1. Tawheed-ur-Ruboobiyyah: as exemplified by His the Mighty and Majestic’s statement (بِرَبِّ النَّاس) “The Lord of mankind.”
  2. Tawheed-ul-Uloohiyyah: as in His the Mighty and Majestic’s statement (إِلَٰهِ النَّاسِ) “The (only true) God of mankind.”
  3. Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wasSifaat (of Allaah’s Names and Attributes): in His the Mighty and Majestic’s statement (مَلِكِ النَّاسِ) “The King of mankind.”

And all of these instances of seeking refuge are a protection from the evil of shaytaan, may Allaah curse him.

Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said:

مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاس

al-Waswaas, with a fat-hah on the waw is shaytaan. As for al-Wiswaas then this is the verbal noun derived from ‘to whisper’.

الْخَنَّاسِ

He is the one who withdraws and pulls back, and that is because shaytaan withdraws and pulls back when Allaah is remembered. And when Allaah is not remembered, then he whispers and draws close. So he whispers to one who is heedless and he withdraws from one who remembers Allaah the Perfect and Most High.

From Anas radiyAllaahu’anhu from the Prophet (ﷺ) who said:

“Indeed shaytaan places his snout upon the heart of the son of Aadam, so if he remembers Allaah then he withdraws, and if he forgets, then he swallows it up. So that is the whisperer who withdraws.”

[Da’eef, Silsilat-ul-ahadeeth ad-Da’eefah 1367]

And from Ibn Abbaas radiyAllaahu’anhu regarding His statement (الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ) he said:

“When someone is born then shaytaan perches upon his heart. So when he reaches the age of understanding and remembers Allaah, then he withdraws, and if he is heedless then he whispers”

[Saheeh according to Sh al-Albaanee, al-Mishkaat 2221]

And from Abu Hurairah radiyAllaahu’anhu: the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said:

“Shaytaan comes to one of you and says ‘Who created this? Who created that?’ up until he says ‘Who created your Lord?’ So if this happens then he should seek refuge with Allaah and stop (thinking such thoughts).”

[Saheeh-ul-Bukhaaree 3276]

Then Allaah the Perfect and Most High explains (the above) with His the Mighty and Majestic’s statement:

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

That he whispers into their hearts, so whoever is afflicted with whispering then he should hasten to seek refuge with Allaah the Perfect and Most High from shaytaan, for he will then leave him alone – with the permission of Allaah.

And he should not pay attention to such whispering and not be affected by it, because any whispering which occurs to him, can occur to anyone, and it even happened to the Companions radiyAllaahu’anhum and they disliked it.

So if someone dislikes being whispered to in this manner, and he dislikes bad thoughts in relation to Allaah the Perfect and Most High or in relation to His Messenger (ﷺ) or in relation to the Religion, then he should not verbalize (these bad thoughts), for this is a sign of his faith. As for if he were to verbalize such thoughts, then this is what would cause him harm.

And may Allaah extol and send perfect peace and security upon our Messenger Muhammad and his family and his Companions.

 

[From maa tayassara wa tahassala min duroos il Qur’aan Vol 2 p541. Translated by Adnaan ibn Salman]

Usool-uth-Thalaathah Audios (31-40)

Translation of Sh Fawzaan’s explanation hafizahullaah.

Presented by Abu Talhah Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah.

Lesson 31: And the proof for the prayer, the Zakaat, and the explanation of Tawheed is His saying, He the Most High…

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Lesson 32: And the proof for the Hajj is: …

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Lesson 33: The Pillars of Eemaan – Its pillars are six …

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Lesson 34: The second one: «Eemaan in the Angels»

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Lesson 35: The third one: «Eemaan in his books»

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Lesson 36: The proof for these six pillars is His saying He, the Most High:

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Lesson 37:

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Lesson 38:

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Lesson 39:

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Lesson 40:

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