Hadeeth on Ramadaan 13

From ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab  radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said.
The Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“When the night approaches from here,
and the day goes away from here,
then let the fasting person break his fast.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

The Ameer ul Mu’mineen (Chief of the Believers) ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab radi Allaahu ‘anhu informs that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam clarified the signs of the time at which the fasting person breaks his fast.

And they are three signs which are inseparable from each other:
•         The approach of the night from the east
•         The departure of the day from the west
•         The setting of the sun.

And the foundation of these signs is the setting of the sun because with it enters the night, which Allaah the Most High has made the limit for completion of the fast.

However the night appearing clearly from the east and the departing of the day from the west are (also) a proof for it, and follow on from it.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 12

From ‘Aaishah  radi Allaahu ‘anhaa who said:

There were some fasts from Ramadaan which I had to make up, so I was not able to make them until Sha’baan[1].

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa informs that there were some fasts from Ramadaan which were upon her; she had refrained from fasting (during those days) due to an excuse, by way of her menstrual periods or other than that.

So she delayed them until Sha’baan, then she fasted them before the next Ramadaan.

And she clarified her excuse for that – that she was unable to make them up easily and conveniently until Sha’baan, when it became essential to make them up.

[1] The month before Ramadaan the following year

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 11

From Sahl ibn Sa’d as Saa’idee radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said that the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“The people will not cease to be upon goodness as long as they hasten to break the fast.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

All goodness is contained in following the Islamic Legislation and in restricting oneself to it, without going to excess or falling short.

And in this hadeeth, Sahl ibn Sa’d radi Allaahu ‘anhu informs that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam told (us) that the people will continue upon goodness and righteousness in their religion if they restrict themselves to (staying within) the Islamically legislated limits for their fasting and their breaking the fast.

So be prompt with breaking the fast after the setting of the sun – which is the (legislated) limit for the fasting – just as Allaah, the Most High, said:

Then complete your fasting till the nightfall…
Soorah al Baqarah (2) aayah 187

And the night enters with the setting of the sun.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 10

And from ‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“Seek out laylat ul qadr in the odd nights from the last ten.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

In the odd nights from the last ten
– this is the night of the 21st and the 23rd and the 25th and the 27th and the 29th

The Mother of the Believers ‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa informed that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam directed (us) to seek to encounter laylat ul qadr with righteous deeds and standing (in prayer) in it during the odd nights of the last ten of Ramadaan.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 9

From Jaabir ibn ‘Abdillaah  radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

The Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was upon a journey. Then he saw a crowd  and (he saw) a man who was being shaded.

So he said, “What is this?”

They said, “A fasting person.”

He said, “Fasting upon a journey is not from righteousness.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

Jaabir radi Allaahu ‘anhu informed that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was upon his journey in the year of the Conquest, inRamadaan.

So he saw a group crowding around, in order to take a look at a person  – as though he were affected by heat and thirst and he was being shaded.

And he was lying down, as occurs in the narration of ibn Jareer.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam asked (about him), so they said, “He is a man who is fasting.”

And because the fasting had caused him to reach this degree (of discomfort), the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said that fasting upon a journey was not from righteousness when it caused the fasting person to reach that level (of discomfort).

And the Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

And He (Allaah) did not wish from you that worship of Him would be torturing yourselves.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s and Sh Bassaam’s explanations of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 8

From Aboo Dardaa radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

We set out (on a journey) with the Messenger of Allaah  sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam in the month ofRamadaan in the severe blazing heat of the Sun to the extent that one of us would place (the palm) of his hand on his head (to protect against the Sun) due to the severity of the heat.

And there was no one fasting from amongst us except the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and ‘Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah.

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The Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

The Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam set out with his Companions in Ramadaan in days of extreme heat.

So from the severity of the heat, there was no one fasting from amongst them except the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and ‘Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah, the Ansaari radi Allaahu ‘anhu.

So these two people were able to endure the severe (conditions) and they both fasted.

This is from (those matters) that prove the permissibility of fasting upon a journey, even if that is accompanied by hardship which does reach the level of (causing) destruction.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 7

From Anas ibn Maalik radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

We would go on a journey with the Prophet  sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam and the fasting person would not criticise the non-fasting person nor would the non-fasting person criticise the fasting one.

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The Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

The Companions would go on a journey with the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam so some of them would refrain from fasting and some of them would fast.

And the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam would consent to that because fasting is the asl (enduring normal rule), and refraining from fasting is the concession (to that rule).

And there is to be no criticism for leaving off the concession.

Therefore some of them did not criticise the others for fasting, or refraining from fasting.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)