Buloogh-ul-Maraam – The Book of Purification (Uthaymeen)

Summarized noted from the explanation of Sh Uthaymeen. Hadeeth checkings by Sh al-Albaanee. (Translated by Adnaan ibn Salmaan).

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Riyaad-us-Saaliheen References

References used by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah in compiling explanations of the ahadeeth in Riyaad-usSaaliheen:

riyaadus-saaliheen_references

Virtues of the First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah (from the Explanation of Riyaad-us-Saaliheen)

Presented by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

RS 11-10-27 226-1257 first 10 days of dhul-hijjah

Study Notes on the Science of Hadeeth

prepared by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

taqreeb_abbreviations

ibn_hajr_-_narrators

usool-ut-takhreej

Mustalah-ul-Hadeeth

from Tayseer Mustalah-il-Hadeeth by Dr. Mahmood at-Tahhaan. Details the terminology relevant to the science of hadeeth. Translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

Mustalah

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 13

From ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab  radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said.
The Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“When the night approaches from here,
and the day goes away from here,
then let the fasting person break his fast.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

The Ameer ul Mu’mineen (Chief of the Believers) ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab radi Allaahu ‘anhu informs that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam clarified the signs of the time at which the fasting person breaks his fast.

And they are three signs which are inseparable from each other:
•         The approach of the night from the east
•         The departure of the day from the west
•         The setting of the sun.

And the foundation of these signs is the setting of the sun because with it enters the night, which Allaah the Most High has made the limit for completion of the fast.

However the night appearing clearly from the east and the departing of the day from the west are (also) a proof for it, and follow on from it.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 12

From ‘Aaishah  radi Allaahu ‘anhaa who said:

There were some fasts from Ramadaan which I had to make up, so I was not able to make them until Sha’baan[1].

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa informs that there were some fasts from Ramadaan which were upon her; she had refrained from fasting (during those days) due to an excuse, by way of her menstrual periods or other than that.

So she delayed them until Sha’baan, then she fasted them before the next Ramadaan.

And she clarified her excuse for that – that she was unable to make them up easily and conveniently until Sha’baan, when it became essential to make them up.

[1] The month before Ramadaan the following year

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)