Returning to the true scholars and to the evidences

[From Kitaab-ul-Eemaan of Saheeh Muslim]:

From Yahyaa ibn Ya’mar who said: The first person who spoke with (the Bid’ah of denying) Qadr in Basra was Ma’bad al-Juhanee, so I and Humaid ibn ‘AbdirRahmaan al-Humairee went for Hajj or for ‘Umrah – so we said – if we meet one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu’alihiwasallam then we should ask him about that which these people say regarding Qadr. So we were able to come upon ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab entering the masjid. So I and my companion stood on each side of him, one at his right hand side and the other at his left. So I thought that my companion wished me to speak, so I said: “O Aboo ‘Abdirrahmaan! A group of people has arisen amongst us who recite the Qur’aan, but who lack knowledge (and he described their condition), and they claim that there is no Qadr and that things just occur randomly.” He said: “Then when you meet them, then tell them that I am free of them and that they are free of me. By the One Whom ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar swears by – if one of them had the equivalent of Mount Uhud in gold and he spent it, then Allaah would never accept it from him up until he believed in Qadr. Then he said:

[‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar then narrated the hadeeth of Jibreel, in which the ProphetsallAllaahu’alaihiwasallam said that belief in Qadr is from Eemaan].

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Shaikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-’Abbaad said in explanation of this hadeeth (in his explanation of the second hadeeth of Nawawi’s 40):

And this clarifies for us that the Salaf of this Ummah they are the ones who should be referred back to, meaning that the Sahaabah, they were the ones who were to referred back to for the Taabi’oon, and that they would refer back to them regarding the affairs of the Religion. And that that which is obligatory in every time and place is to refer back to the people of knowledge, whenever difficult or problematic issues arise, then those who should be referred back to are the people of knowledge. It is not for every unreliable person to spread his untruths, or for every speaker to speak out, or for every person who talks to talk but rather the matter should only be returned to the people of knowledge.

Just as various issues relating to industry or trades or professions, then one should only refer back to those who are specialised in these fields. And one should not put oneself forward without knowledge. And no doubt, regarding the affairs of the Sharee’ah, it is even more the case that one should refer back in such issues to its people, and to those who have knowledge of it. So this was the state of the Salaf of this Ummah, that the Taabi’oon would refer back to the Sahaabah in trying to understand that which they found, or those issues which arose which appeared to contradict that which was known from the Book and the Sunnah, or that which was unclear, or any issue or doubt, then those referred to in such matters were the people of knowledge. And Allaah the Most High said:

فَاسْأَلُواْ أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِن كُنتُمْ لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ 

So ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know [16:43]

And ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, when he responded, first of all he responded regarding the status of those people (the Qadariyyah), and explained their condition, and that he was free of them and they were free of him, and that nothing will be accepted from them, and that they will not enter Jannah up until they believe in Qadr, the good and bad of it. Then he brought the evidence. And in this there is also clarification of what the Sahaabah may Allaah be pleased with them, were upon in terms of explaining the ruling upon a matter along with its evidence. 

And this was the way of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them and may they be pleased with Him), when they mentioned the ruling (upon an issue) they would bring the evidence for it, even if they weren’t asked for it. And that is because bringing the evidence is the foundation upon which things are built. And that the questioner, when he hears the hadeeth of the Messenger sallAllaahu’alaihiwasallam, or he hears the evidence from the Book and the Sunnah, no doubt the people will then seek to worship (Allaah) through clinging to the Book and the Sunnah and through acting upon that which is in the Book and the Sunnah. So if the person who is asked responds to the questioner’s question, and then mentions the evidence after that, then this is from completeness in answering, and from completeness in showing ihsaan (goodness) and completeness in putting the questioner at ease in that the answer which he has been given is based upon a text from the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic or the Sunnah of His MessengersallAllaahu’alaihiwasallam.

Translated by ‘Adnaan ibn Salmaan.

Riyaad-us-Saaliheen

The Gardens of the Righteous – Imam an-Nawawi’s rahimahullah famous work of hadeeth detailing Islaamic morals, acts of worship and manners. Based on the explanations of numerous scholars of the past and present. Compiled and presented by Abu Talha rahimahullaah.

 

(Audios will be added as they are uploaded inshaaAllaah)

 

Fasting – Chapters from Riyaadh-us-Saaliheen

This is an excellent series of lectures on the topic of fasting during Ramadaan and at other times. From Abu Talhah’s rahimahullaah explanation of Riyaadh-us-Saaliheen by Imaam an-Nawawi rahimahullaah:

 

Buloogh-ul-Maraam – The Book of Purification (Uthaymeen)

Summarized notes from the explanation of Sh Uthaymeen. Hadeeth checkings by Sh al-Albaanee. (Translated by Adnaan ibn Salmaan).

Continue reading

Riyaad-us-Saaliheen References

References used by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah in compiling explanations of the ahadeeth in Riyaad-usSaaliheen:

riyaadus-saaliheen_references

Virtues of the First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah (from the Explanation of Riyaad-us-Saaliheen)

Presented by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

RS 11-10-27 226-1257 first 10 days of dhul-hijjah

Study Notes on the Science of Hadeeth

prepared by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

taqreeb_abbreviations

ibn_hajr_-_narrators

usool-ut-takhreej

Mustalah-ul-Hadeeth

from Tayseer Mustalah-il-Hadeeth by Dr. Mahmood at-Tahhaan. Details the terminology relevant to the science of hadeeth. Translated by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah:

Mustalah

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 13

From ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab  radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said.
The Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“When the night approaches from here,
and the day goes away from here,
then let the fasting person break his fast.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

The Ameer ul Mu’mineen (Chief of the Believers) ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab radi Allaahu ‘anhu informs that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam clarified the signs of the time at which the fasting person breaks his fast.

And they are three signs which are inseparable from each other:
•         The approach of the night from the east
•         The departure of the day from the west
•         The setting of the sun.

And the foundation of these signs is the setting of the sun because with it enters the night, which Allaah the Most High has made the limit for completion of the fast.

However the night appearing clearly from the east and the departing of the day from the west are (also) a proof for it, and follow on from it.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 12

From ‘Aaishah  radi Allaahu ‘anhaa who said:

There were some fasts from Ramadaan which I had to make up, so I was not able to make them until Sha’baan[1].

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa informs that there were some fasts from Ramadaan which were upon her; she had refrained from fasting (during those days) due to an excuse, by way of her menstrual periods or other than that.

So she delayed them until Sha’baan, then she fasted them before the next Ramadaan.

And she clarified her excuse for that – that she was unable to make them up easily and conveniently until Sha’baan, when it became essential to make them up.

[1] The month before Ramadaan the following year

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)