Hadeeth on Ramadaan 11

From Sahl ibn Sa’d as Saa’idee radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said that the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“The people will not cease to be upon goodness as long as they hasten to break the fast.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

All goodness is contained in following the Islamic Legislation and in restricting oneself to it, without going to excess or falling short.

And in this hadeeth, Sahl ibn Sa’d radi Allaahu ‘anhu informs that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam told (us) that the people will continue upon goodness and righteousness in their religion if they restrict themselves to (staying within) the Islamically legislated limits for their fasting and their breaking the fast.

So be prompt with breaking the fast after the setting of the sun – which is the (legislated) limit for the fasting – just as Allaah, the Most High, said:

Then complete your fasting till the nightfall…
Soorah al Baqarah (2) aayah 187

And the night enters with the setting of the sun.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 10

And from ‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“Seek out laylat ul qadr in the odd nights from the last ten.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

In the odd nights from the last ten
– this is the night of the 21st and the 23rd and the 25th and the 27th and the 29th

The Mother of the Believers ‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa informed that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam directed (us) to seek to encounter laylat ul qadr with righteous deeds and standing (in prayer) in it during the odd nights of the last ten of Ramadaan.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 9

From Jaabir ibn ‘Abdillaah  radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

The Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was upon a journey. Then he saw a crowd  and (he saw) a man who was being shaded.

So he said, “What is this?”

They said, “A fasting person.”

He said, “Fasting upon a journey is not from righteousness.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

Jaabir radi Allaahu ‘anhu informed that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was upon his journey in the year of the Conquest, inRamadaan.

So he saw a group crowding around, in order to take a look at a person  – as though he were affected by heat and thirst and he was being shaded.

And he was lying down, as occurs in the narration of ibn Jareer.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam asked (about him), so they said, “He is a man who is fasting.”

And because the fasting had caused him to reach this degree (of discomfort), the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said that fasting upon a journey was not from righteousness when it caused the fasting person to reach that level (of discomfort).

And the Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

And He (Allaah) did not wish from you that worship of Him would be torturing yourselves.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s and Sh Bassaam’s explanations of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 8

From Aboo Dardaa radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

We set out (on a journey) with the Messenger of Allaah  sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam in the month ofRamadaan in the severe blazing heat of the Sun to the extent that one of us would place (the palm) of his hand on his head (to protect against the Sun) due to the severity of the heat.

And there was no one fasting from amongst us except the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and ‘Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah.

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The Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

The Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam set out with his Companions in Ramadaan in days of extreme heat.

So from the severity of the heat, there was no one fasting from amongst them except the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and ‘Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah, the Ansaari radi Allaahu ‘anhu.

So these two people were able to endure the severe (conditions) and they both fasted.

This is from (those matters) that prove the permissibility of fasting upon a journey, even if that is accompanied by hardship which does reach the level of (causing) destruction.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 7

From Anas ibn Maalik radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

We would go on a journey with the Prophet  sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam and the fasting person would not criticise the non-fasting person nor would the non-fasting person criticise the fasting one.

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The Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah commented:

The Companions would go on a journey with the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam so some of them would refrain from fasting and some of them would fast.

And the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam would consent to that because fasting is the asl (enduring normal rule), and refraining from fasting is the concession (to that rule).

And there is to be no criticism for leaving off the concession.

Therefore some of them did not criticise the others for fasting, or refraining from fasting.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 6

From Aboo Hurayrah radi Allaahu ‘anhu who said:

While we were sitting with the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam a man came to him and said:

O Messenger of Allaah, I am destroyed!

He said, “What has destroyed you?”

He said, “I had sexual intercourse with my wife whilst I was fasting.”

 

(And in one version):

“I had sexual intercourse with my wife in the (daytime) in Ramadaan.”

 

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Do you find that you have (the price) of a slave, so that you could set him free?”

He said, “No.”

He said, “Are you able to fast two consecutive months?”

He said, “No.”

He said, “Do you find (enough) to feed sixty miskeen people (those who do not have enough for themselves nor their family)?”

He said, “No.”

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam remained for a time – and while we were like that, he was brought a basket containing dates.

He said, “Where is the person who was asking?

He said, “It was me.” 

He said, “Take this and give it in charity.”

So he said, “To someone who is greater in need than me, O Messenger of Allaah? For, by Allaah, there is not between the two lava plains (of al Madeenah) a household that is more in need than my household!” 

So the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam laughed until his canine teeth became visible, then he said, “Feed it to your family.”

 

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

Aboo Hurayrah radi Allaahu ‘anhu narrates that they were sitting with the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, as was their habit of sitting with him in order to learn from him and be companionable with him.

So whilst they were like this, a man came, who recognised that he was destroyed due to the sin he had committed, wanting redemption from that.

So he said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I am destroyed.”  And then he sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam asked him about the reason for (thinking) that. So the man replied that he had had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan whilst fasting.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam did not deal with him harshly because he (the man) had come in repentance, seeking redemption for that which he had fallen into.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam guided him to that which contained redemption, asking him whether he had the (funds) to free a slave, so that it would be an expiation for him. The man replied in the negative.

So he asked him whether he was able to fast two consecutive months, with no day off from fasting coming into them.

He replied in the negative.

So he moved him onto the third and last option, asking him whether he was able to feed sixty miskeen people. He replied in the negative as well.

Then the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam remained until a man from the Ansaar brought a basket containing dates. So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said to the man who had asked, ““Take this and give it in charity.”  Meaning – as an expiation for that which was upon him.

However due to the state of need which this man was in and his knowledge of the generosity of the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and his love of making ease for his nation, he entertained some hope; so he (the man) said, “To someone who is more in need than me?” And he swore an oath that there was no household between the two lava plains of al Madeenah who was more in need than his household.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam laughed, marvelling at the situation of this man who had come in fear, seeking redemption. So when this occurred for him, he changed to being one who wished for something, desiring a gift. So he gave permission to him, due to the fine and noble manners which Allaah had instilled in him, that he (the man) should feed his family, because fulfilling a need comes before expiation.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 5

From ‘Aaishah radi Allaahu ‘anhaa that Hamzah ibn ‘Amr al Aslamee radi Allaahu ‘anhu said to the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam:

Should I fast upon the journey?

And he was a person who was plentiful in fasting.

So he said, “If you wish, then fast. And if you wish, then abstain from fasting.”

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The Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan aale Bassaam rahimahullaah (who died in 2003 CE) commented:

The Companions radi Allaahu ‘anhum knew that the Merciful Legislator did not give the concession to refrain from fasting upon a journey except as a mercy to them and out of compassion for them.

So Hamzah al Aslamee had steadfastness and strength upon fasting and he was one who loved al khayr (goodness), and was plentiful in fasting radi Allaahu ‘anhu . So he asked the Messenger of Allaahsall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, “Should I fast upon the journey?”

So the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam gave him the choice between fasting and refraining from fasting, saying, “If you wish to, then fast. And if you wish, then abstain from fasting.”

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 4

From Aboo Hurayrah radi Allaahu ‘anhu that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam said:

Whoever forgets whilst fasting and so he eats or drinks, then let him complete his fast; for it was only Allaah who fed him and gave him drink.

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

Aboo Hurayrah radi Allaahu ‘anhu informed from the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam that he commanded the fasting person who forgets, and so eats and drinks, that he should complete his fast and continue with it, because it does not become deficient through that, in that it occurred without his choosing that.

So it is as if Allaah, the Most High, was the One who fed him and gave him drink.

And this ruling with regards to the fasting person is one example of a tremendous general principle contained in His statement, He the Most High:
O our Lord, do not take us to account if we forget or fall into error
Soorah al Baqarah (2) aayah 286

So Allaah, the Most High, said:
Indeed I have granted it.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 3

From ‘Aaishah and Umm Salamah radi Allaahu ‘anhumaa:
that the dawn would come upon the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam whilst he was junub (in a state of impurity after having had sexual intercourse) from his wife, then he would make ghusl and fast.

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

‘Aaishah and Umm Salamah radi Allaahu ‘anhumaa – and they were from the Mothers of the Believers and from the most knowledgeable of the people about what the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallamused to do in his house – informed that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam would have sexual intercourse with his wife in Ramadaan, then fast, and dawn would come upon him before he would make ghusl; so he would proceed with his fast and he would not make it up (later).

And their informing of this was in response to Marwaan ibn al Hakam when he sent someone to ask the two of them about that.

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Hadeeth on Ramadaan 2

From Anas ibn Maalik from Zayd ibn Thaabit radi Allaahu ‘anhumaa who said:

We took the suhoor with the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, then he stood up for the prayer.

Anas said: “I said to Zayd, “How long was it between the adhaan (meaning the iqaamah) and the suhoor?”

He said, “The time taken (to recite) fifty aayaat.”

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The Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah commented:

Since from the goals behind taking suhoor is to strengthen the body upon fasting and preserving its energy, then it is from wisdom to delay it.

And it is that Anas ibn Maalik related from Zayd ibn Thaabit radi Allaahu ‘anhumaa that he took the suhoor in the company of the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam in his house, then he stood up for the prayer, and there was not between the prayer and his finishing the suhoor but the length of time taken for the reciter to recite fifty medium length aayaat from the Qur-aan with a recitation that was neither rapid nor slow

 

(taken from Sh Uthaymeen’s explanation of ‘Umdat-ul-Ahkaam
translated by Nasser ibn Najam)