Was ‘Eesaa ‘alaihissalaam Allaah’s Word?

With regards to the description of ‘Eesaa ‘alaihissalaam being described as “His Word which He conveyed to Maryam”[1]  the Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah states:

Allaah applied the (term) “Word” to him because he ‘alaihissalaam was created by means of a word. So the hadeeth is not taken upon its apparent (literal) meaning, since ‘Eesaa ‘alaihissalaam was not a word because he used to eat and drink and pass urine and open his bowels. And all the (usual) human situations would occur to him.

Allaah, the Most High, states:

Indeed the example of ‘Eesaa with Allaah is just as the example of Aadam. He (Allaah) created him from dust then He said to him, “Be!” and he was.
Soorah aale ‘Imraan (3) aayah 59

 And ‘Eesaa ‘alaihissalaam was not the Word of Allaah because the Speech of Allaah is an Attribute existing with Him and not separate and distinct from Him.

As for ‘Eesaa, then he was a being separate and distinct from Allaah subhaanahu ; he would come and go and eat food and drink.

(Al qawl ul mufeed (1/73) of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah, translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

[1] Hadeeth reported by Al Bukhaaree (4453) and Muslim (28)

Using the name “Muhammad” when referring to Allaah’s Messenger

With regards to using the name “Muhammad” when referring to the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah states:

And his (ibn Mas’ood radi Allaahu ‘anhu) statement:

Whoever wishes to look at the wasiyyah (emphasised command) of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaiyhi wa sallam….

 Meaning: the Messenger of Allaah Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillaah al Haashimee al Qarashee sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

And this expression from ibn Mas’ood shows the permissibility of the like of it, such as for example:
“Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said….”
and:
“The wasiyyah of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam….”

 And this does not contradict His statement, He the Most High:

<<Do not make the du’aa (calling) of the Messenger amongst yourselves like your calling one of another…>>
Soorah an Noor (24) aayah 63

 – because the du’aa of the Messenger here means munaadah (calling out to him). So do not say when calling out, “O Muhammad!” Rather say, “O Messenger of Allaah!”

As for informing (about something) then it is more encompassing than the issue of seeking (something from a person), so it is permissible for you to say, “I am a follower of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam,” or “O Allaah, send salaat upon Muhammad” or the like of that.

(Al qawl ul mufeed (1/44) of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah, translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Allaah’s addressing the people

With regards to the use of the singular at times and the plural at other times in Allaah’s addressing the people in the Qur-aan, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah states:

And the address in the aayah is to the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam but He said:

<<Wa qadaa rabbuka allaa ta’budoo illaa iyyaahu…>>

meaning:

<<And your (in the singular form) Lord has decreed that you (in the plural form) worship none except Him alone…>>
Soorah al Israa (17) aayah 23

And He did not say, that you (singular) worship none.

And the like of this in the Qur’aan is His statement, He the Most High:
<<O Prophet, when you (in the plural form) divorce the women…>>
Soorah at Talaaq (65) aayah 1

Therefore the first address is to the Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and the second is general (to the people).  So what is the benefit behind this changing of the manner (of addressing)?

1) To draw attention, because getting the attention of the person being addressed is something desired by the one speaking. And this occurs here by changing the manner (of addressing).

2) That the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was the leader of his nation. And the address directed to him was directed to all of his nation.

3) An indication that whatever the Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is addressed with, then it is for him and for his nation – except for something where there is a proof that it is specifically for him.

4) And in this aayah in particular, there is an sign that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was one who was under the control of the Lord, and not (himself) a Lord and Nurturer – a servant, and not one who is to be worshipped.  So he comes under His statement:

<<…that you (in the plural form) worship..>>

And sufficient for him in nobility is that he be a servant of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.

(Al qawl ul mufeed (1/32 to 33) of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah. Translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

“Ask the doctors…” (Sh Fawzaan)

السؤال : ماسبب كثرة الأمراض النفسية والإكتئاب في وقتنا الحاضر ؟

الجواب : سببها والله أعلم العقوبات بسبب الذنوب والمعاصي ، ولها أسبابٌ يعرفها الأطباء ، اسأل الأطباء (الأطباء النفسانيين) عن أسباب هذه الأمراض .

Q:

What is the reason for the frequency of psychiatric disorders and depression these days?

A:

Their cause, and Allaah knows best, is as a punishment for sinfulness and disobedience. And they have causes which doctors know about. Ask the doctors (psychiatrists) about the causes of these conditions.

[http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/13735]

 

Translated by Adnaan ibn Salman

Sh Uthaymeen on Aashooraa

And from those days on which it is legislated in the Sunnah to fast is the day of ‘Arafah and the tenth day of the month of Muharram – as per the hadeeth of Aboo Qataadah radi Allaahu ‘anhu that the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was asked about fasting the Day of ‘Arafah. He said:

It expiates for the past year and the coming one.

The past one – meaning that which has finished, because the Day of ‘Arafah is in the last month of the year. And (it expiates for) the coming one. So it expiates for two years.

And he was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Aashooraa (the tenth of Muharram) – he said:

It expiates for the past year.

So it is lesser in reward than fasting the Day of ‘Arafah. And along with that it is befitting that (the person) fast the ninth along with the tenth because the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

If I were to remain (alive) until the coming year, I would certainly fast the ninth. [1]

Meaning – along with the tenth.

And because he commanded that a day before it or a day after it be fasted, to be different to the Jews – because the Day of ‘Aashooraa- – the tenth of Muharram – is the day on which Allaah saved Moosaa and his people. And He drowned Fir’awn and his people. So the Jews used to fast it, out of gratitude to Allaah for this tremendous blessing , that Allaah saved His army and vanquished the army of Shaytaan. He saved Moosaa and his people and destroyed Fir’awn and his people. So it was a tremendous blessing.

And therefore when the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam arrived in al Madeenah, he found the Jews fasting the Day of ‘Aashooraa-, so he asked them about that. They said, “This is the day Allaah saved Moosaa and his people, and Fir’awn and his people were destroyed. So we fast it, out of gratitude to Allaah.”

So he said:

We have more right to Moosaa than you do. [2]

Why was this? Because the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and those with him had the best claim out of the people to the previous prophets.

Indeed those from the people who have the best claim to Ibraaheem are those who followed him, and this Prophet and those who believed. And Allaah is the Protector and Helper of the Believers.
[Soorah aale ‘Imraan (3) aayah 68]

So Allaah Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam had more right to Moosaa than the Jews did because the Jews disbelieved in him and disbelieved in ‘Eesaa and disbelieved in Muhammad.

So he fasted it and commanded the people to fast it, except that he commanded that they differ from the Jews – those who only fasted the tenth day – such that we fast the ninth, or the eleventh, along with the tenth – or (all) three.

Therefore some of the people of knowledge, such as ibn ul Qayyim and other than him,
mentioned that the fasting of ‘Aashooraa is of three categories:

1) that (the person) fast ‘Aashooraa and the ninth – and this is the best of the types

2) that he fast ‘Aashooraa and the eleventh – and this is less (virtuous) than the first

3) that he fast ‘Aashooraa alone. And some of the scholars disliked this because the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam commanded being different from the Jews. And some of the scholars allowed this as a concession.

References:

[1] Reported by Muslim (1134) and ibn Maajah and Ahmad in his Musnad.
[2] Reported by al Bukhaaree (3943) and Muslim and Aboo Daawud.

(Sharh Riyaad us Saaliheen (3/464) (Dar ul Kutub il ‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut) of Shaykh al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah; translated by Nasser ibn Najam)

Should modern medical treatment be avoided in favour of the Prophetic Medicine? (Sh Fawzaan)

Q:

There are some people who advise with using the Prophetic Medicine and they warn against some modern day medical treatments, and we have seen that some patients have come to harm as a result of this warning, so what would you advise concerning this?

A:

The Prophetic Medicine which is authentically established is true and it is beneficial, and it should not stop you from using permissible medical drugs. It does not stop you from this. You can take both. They are all from that which Allaah has made to be a healing, as he sallAllaahu’alaihiwasallam said:

“Allaah did not send down a disease except that he sent down a cure for it – whether you are aware of it or not.”[1]

And he sallAllaahu’alaihiwasallam said:

“Take medical treatments and do not seek treatment in that which is haraam (impermissible).”[2]

So that medical treatment which is established and beneficial, then there is no problem in using it, along with using the Prophetic Medicine. They are both beneficial.

 


[1] Saheeh – see asSaheehah no.s 451 & 1650

[2] Sh al-Albaanee declared this wording of the hadeeth to be weak – see Da’eef-ul-Jaami’ no. 1569 & Da’eef Abee Daawood 3874. However other wordings of the hadeeth which encourage taking medical treatments are authentic such as:

“Take medical treatments, servants of Allaah! For indeed Allaah the Most High did not create a disease except that He made a treatment for it, except for one disease – old age”

Saheeh-ul-Jaami’ 2930

 

 

(Translated by Adnaan ibn Salman).

The Danger of Ignorant People Delving into Medical Issues (Ibn-ul-Qayyim)

Physicians and medical responsibility

It is related by Aboo Daawood, al-Nisaa’ee and Ibn Maajah, from hadeeth of ‘Amr ibn Shu‘ayb, from his father, from his grandfather: The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu‘alaihiwasallam said:

من تطبّب ولم يعلم منه طب قبل ذلك فهو ضامن

“If anyone carries out medical treatment, yet previously he was not known as a medical man, then he takes the responsibility.”[1]

This hadeeth is concerned with three points, one linguistic, one legal and one medical.

The words of the Prophet sallallaahu‘alaihiwasallam were: “Whoever practises medicine (tatabbaba)”, he did not say “whoever is a physician (tabba)”. The expression of the fifth form (tafa‘ala) indicates some constraint in the action, and entering into it with difficulty, and that the one so described is not originally one of its practitioners. Similarly, we find the expressions: to attempt clemency (tahallama), to show courage (tashajja‘a), to adopt patience (tasabbara) and others of this kind. Thus, ‘to force oneself’ (takallafa) is formed upon this pattern. The poet said: ‘And Qays of ‘Aylaan, and whoever sought to be a Qays (taqayyasa).

The legal (shar‘ee) aspect is that this hadeeth establishes the liability of the ignorant practitioner. For if he assumes the knowledge and practice of medicine, without formerly having any acquaintance with it, by his ignorance he risks causing harm to the lives of people; he practises irresponsibly what he does not know and, thus, deceives the sick person. Therefore he must be held responsible. This is the consensus among all scholars.

Al-Khattaabee said: I do not know of any disagreement regarding the fact that when a person carrying out treatment transgresses the limits of his knowledge and expertise and causes harm to the patient he should be held responsible. One who lays claim to knowledge or practice which he does not have is an impostor. When injury is brought about by his action, he is responsible for the blood-money, and he has no right to retaliation (qawad); for he has no authority without the sick person’s permission. The consequences of the practitioner’s felony – according to the opinion of most jurists – falls upon his clan (‘aaqila).

My own comment:[2] there are five categories:

[2]: The second example is that of an ignorant practitioner who treats a person and injures him. In this case if the person thus injured knew that he was ignorant, that is to say, without knowledge of his profession, yet permitted him to treat him, the practitioner is not held responsible. This kind is not opposed by the obvious sense of the hadeeth. For the context and purport of the words show that he deceived the sick person, and made him think he was a physician, while he was not. If the sick person thinks him to be a physician and permits him to treat him on the basis of his knowledge, the physician is responsible for any injury he commits. Similarly, if he prescribes him some medicine to take, and the patient thinks that he has prescribed it because of his knowledge and skill, yet is injured thereby, he is responsible for that. The hadeeth here is clear and obvious.

 

 

__________

[1] An-Nasaa’ee (4830, 4831), Saheeh Ibn Maajah (2791), Aboo Daawood (4586) – Hasan (Sh Al-Albaanee).

[2] i.e. Ibn-ul-Qayyim’s comment

 

[From AtTibb-un-Nabawee by Ibn-ul-Qayyim, translated by P. Johnstone, pp101-106, with additional takhreej of the ahadeeth]